About Marmalade

Gender: Female
Current Tag Id:

Marmalade is a female manatee rescued as an orphaned calf on August 11, 2015. At the time of her rescue in Crystal River in Citrus County, she was 126 centimeters long and weighed 79 pounds. She was rehabilitated at Lowry Park Zoo and then transferred to Homosassa Wildlife Park, and has now grown to 560 pounds and 226 centimeters long. She was released on March 9, 2018, at Three Sisters Springs in Crystal River and will be monitored by Sea To Shore Alliance.

  1. 01/07/2019 04:41 PM


      Marmalade made trips to the springs in Crystal River with the passing of each cold front over the past few weeks. Annual routine health assessments were being conducted by USGS and the opportunity presented itself to catch Marmalade for a hands on body assessment. She was given a full health assessment and determined to be in good condition. This combined with all the appropriate behavior she displayed over the year allowed her to be considered a success and her gear was removed.




      11/27/2018 1:30pm

      Marmalade was in a residential canal with four other manatees. A citizen said she sees Marmalade pass in and out every day and the location she was sitting in is a congregation place for many manatees. She traveled out to the river staying close to shore. Marmalade spent the remainder of the observation milling along the shoreline.



      11/19/2018 10:15am


      Marmalade was milling along the shoreline of one side of the river to the other. There was submerged vegetation at both sides but could not confirm she was feeding. She meandered down the river in this way for the remainder of the observation.    



      11/5/2018 12:00pm

      Marmalade was milling around the shoreline near a tidal creek. She rested briefly, then became active when another manatee stopped in the area and started to feed near her. Marmalade milled around this area but showed no signs of feeding. She continued to mill around until she was able to gain access to a tidal creek with the incoming tide.



      11/1/2018 12:00pm

      Marmalade was inside a small, grassy channel then moved out into the river staying close to the shoreline. The water was clear enough to see a new mark across her back. It did not appear open or deep. She milled around the mouth of the channel and a couple of other manatees passed close to her without any interaction. More manatees could be seen further up the river and it appeared they were feeding. Marmalade slowly made her way towards the same area, primarily milled around the area but she did toss her head up a couple of times suggesting she was feeding.



      10/22/2018 11:00am

      Marmalade was resting very close to the shoreline. She started milling then began to feed on submerged vegetation, clearly tossing her head making it clear she was eating. Soon she began to rest, but once the tide shifted she was active again. She spent the remainder of the observation traveling in the channel and avoiding the boats that would come her way.



      10/15/2018 11:20am

      Marmalade was resting in shallow water then began to make her way slowly upstream against the current. Marmalade’s tag was not updating properly and a tag exchange was performed quickly with little reaction from the animal. Marmalade turned into a small creek out of the tidal influence and spent the remainder of the observation resting.


  2. 09/06/2018 03:30 AM
    • Marmalade was again with a group of friends, 3 other animals.  They were traveling north further down a creek near the mouth of Crystal River, then stopped and stayed together on bottom briefly before milling along the sides of the creek, mostly in a northward direction.  They were very responsive to me being in the area.

  3. 08/29/2018 10:46 AM
    • Marmalade was slowly milling along the shoreline about half a mile west of Fort Island Trail Park when she was seen this morning. She alternated between milling and feeding on halodule. Early in the afternoon she was met by 2 other animals who were cavorting. Somewhat surprisingly, she joined them and they grabbed and rolled with each other for the rest of the visual. Respiration rates were 3-4 minutes while milling and feeding.

  4. 08/21/2018 12:02 PM
    • Marmalade was again by herself, traveling further north on the west bank of the creek at Little South Pass at the mouth of Crystal River. Her respirations were 3-4 minutes apart. This creek has milfoil on its bottom as well. There are fewer boats out in the river now that school has started again.

  5. 08/16/2018 10:00 AM
    • Marmalade was again feeding on cordgrass and milfoil when I approached her for an in-water body condition. This time went a lot better--the current was not as hard to fight, for one thing--and I was able to get close enough to feel that her stomach has no folds. It's very slightly rounded to flat, but unremarkable and not empty. Her belt fits well and there is fat around her tail. She milled out to the mouth of the creek but didn't go out into the river.
  6. 08/10/2018 08:28 AM
    • She was found milling slowly along the cordgrass-lined bank of Deer Creek halfway down Crystal River, possibly feeding again but could not be confirmed. There was one gator just north of her and one south, but when they each swam opposite directions away from my boat I attempted a body condition on her 3 times. It was getting to the point that I had chased her nearly to the crowded river so I discontinued.
  7. 08/06/2018 11:20 AM
    • Marmalade was seen west of the fork between Crystal and Salt Rivers on the north bank. Fortunately she is very smart about staying close to the bank and in little out of the way vegetation-filled creeks. I was able to see that her back looks good, with no conspicuous new scars, but that scared her away from photo opportunities. Before that she had been feeding on cordgrass and milfoil, and had gas twice during this visual.
  8. 07/29/2018 08:47 AM
    • An in-water body condition was attempted on Marmalade, but boaters surrounding Three Sisters Spring and the area around it were too distracting for her to calm down enough for approach. At least 30 vessels of various sizes passed her within 15 yards. She was with one other animal. She seemed annoyed and kept moving away. Before long she began traveling out along the east side of Kings Bay.

  9. 07/09/2018 03:50 PM
    • At first it seemed Marmalade was alone, but in a well-chosen spot; all the traffic had long ago headed out to the bay for scalloping and Kings Bay was nearly empty, quiet, and stormy.  A few other animals had figured it out too. She was joined by first one and then another.  There was loads of milfoil on bottom but didn't see any feeding this afternoon.

  10. 07/06/2018 03:15 PM
    • Boat traffic in the channel was really, really busy, so I was glad to see Marmalade safely tucked into another of the little creeks she likes.  She was with one other animal, socializing at first.  The water was dark down the creek and she wisely stayed low whenever I passed in the boat, but her skin color appeared solid, with no large scars.  They milled a little further down the creek, which was a good move since boats were then starting to race back in to land as a storm was coming in.

  11. 06/23/2018 10:27 AM
    • Marmalade was by herself, exploring canals close to the trail off Three Sisters Springs. She managed to stay away from the heavy traffic at the nearby springs by finding a quiet canal that was closed off for construction purposes. I noted gas twice from her during the visual, so she is keeping up her good feeding habits.

  12. 06/16/2018 12:24 PM
    • Marmalade was alone and milling today, managing to find a quiet area in Kings Bay away from most of the summer boaters. She traveled north and hugged the coast, staying east of the channel. She attempted to cross several times, but was interrupted by boat traffic, keeping her distance from boats. She eventually gave up on crossing and milled briefly before turning around and slowly traveling back south. Respiration rate was 3-4 minutes.

  13. 06/08/2018 10:50 AM
    • Although Marmalade was back to being solitary again, she’s chosen another fantastic feeding area with pretty much anything her heart would desire available to her.  When I first found her she was moving along the bottom, possibly feeding but couldn’t confirm.  There were a few boats on plane in the area but she was in a branch of the creek further away from the main channel.  Her back looks completely clear, no scars except small superficial, and no real algal growth.  Freezebrand still very visible.  Belt fits well.  Her ventral side didn’t feel like it had any folds but is flat, maybe some very very slight rounding if any.  Her body condition is good but lean.  She milled around a few small mangrove islands and then started milling and at times traveling south along the cordgrass-lined bank.

  14. 06/03/2018 12:19 PM
    • Marmalade was feeding on syringonium in Ozello when I arrived today. She was alone and content to continue feeding until the first hard rain blew in. She then slowly traveled west for the rest of the visual. Her respiration rates were 3-5 minutes. She was in an excellent feeding location with little to no boat traffic.

  15. 05/25/2018 12:00 PM
    • Marmalade was in a group with 3 other animals, milling just south of the barge canal north of Crystal River. They intermittently milled and traveled southeast, back in the direction of Crystal River.

  16. 05/18/2018 03:23 PM
    • Marmalade had found one of her little winding creeks again, this time to the north of Crystal River instead of the south.  Lots of vegetation available here, of every type, which was great to see, and when I made my way to her it was also great to see her with a bunch of companions, one mother-calf pair and 3 more adults.  She was very closely associating with one of them, staying right by his or her side a lot of the time.  First they were feeding on cordgrass, bits of which were floating around, having been pulled up by the roots, and then some socializing.

  17. 05/08/2018 11:30 AM
    • Marmalade was alone again, milling around the bank near the mouth of Crystal River.  She looks good from the dorsal side, with filled-out shoulders and a not too loose belt.  There were a few more food choices in this area.  She looked like she was starting to move south a bit, moving out from the bank by the end of the visual.

  18. 05/03/2018 10:43 AM
    • Marmalade and another animal were riding the tide out of Crystal River when I found her. She circled around the boat, looking good, with no new scars. She then found a nice little creek to hide out in. She was resting on bottom for about twenty-five minutes when another manatee passed by the entrance of the creek and she moved further away.

  19. 04/27/2018 10:55 AM
    • Marmalade was found in Cedar Creek at the end of Crystal River, by herself and enthusiastically tossing her head back, feeding. Shortly afterward she began traveling around the front of a small island, into choppy water. She turned back, then changed her mind and turned back again, before finally settling in for a nap. I think she was back to nibbling when I left, based on how her tag was moving.

  20. 04/23/2018 10:29 AM
    • I found Lady Marmalade in Crystal Bay taking a quick nap. When she woke she alternated between milling around and traveling. Another manatee attempted to socialize, but Marmalade was having none of it. She milled away and began feeding on spartina on the bank of the river.

  21. 04/16/2018 01:37 PM
    • In the last week she had gone back to Kings Bay and then out to the end of Crystal River, so I figured she had met up with other animals after the last few observations found her alone. She socialized at the surface with 3 other animals, and then in response to my boat the group milled out to another branch of the canal, then back to their original spot where they eventually went to sleep. The temperature in the canal system the group found was 3 degrees warmer than the ambient river temp.

  22. 04/06/2018 10:10 AM
    • Marmalade is moving around and exploring down Salt River, going into larger passages, today in the eastern creek off Dixie Bay in Salt River. There is more vegetation to choose from here, with thalassia on bottom in this area, and gas was seen from her today so she has still been feeding.  Her face looks good, with good solid gray coloration on her skin and around her nostrils.  She will get another in-water body condition assessment later this month.

  23. 04/02/2018 12:30 PM
    • When first found she was nibbling on algae from the creek bottom in the eastern area of Salt River.  She was by herself and milled west down the creek and out to the wider branch going south.

  24. 03/29/2018 02:07 PM
    • Marmalade spent the first half of the observation in the southeastern cove of Salt River slowly traveling close to the bank.  She was by herself. After that she became stationary multiple times between traveling bouts and eventually I was able to see her feeding just below the surface and at the surface. A piece of cordgrass was also observed hanging out of her mouth.

  25. 03/24/2018 01:00 PM
    • Marmalade has now found Kings Spring at Banana Island. She was inside the sanctuary, close to shore, resting. Respiration intervals 10 min.  Later in the day she was given an in-water body condition, where it was seen that she has a flat belly but no folds and her skin looks good. Thanks very much to USGS for helping out with this!

  26. 03/21/2018 11:00 AM
    • Marmalade was at Three Sisters Springs, presumably keeping warm.

  27. 03/19/2018 12:22 PM
    • When first seen, a group of snorkelers was slowly approaching her, and she turned away from them and milled away a short distance, then a few minutes later seemed to choose to approach another snorkeling group, coming within about 5 ft of people but not touching them.  A mother and calf then came into the spring and she followed them and settled down near them, and then another animal close to her size joined them.

  28. 03/13/2018 09:00 AM
    • At Three Sisters Spring, Marmalade spent some time following snorkelers, then settled down by herself in the back spring near the platform later in the morning. At one point she appeared to be browsing on some rocks that had algae on them.

  29. 03/12/2018 03:00 PM
    • High tide was around 3:00 today and there were about 50 manatees in Three Sisters.  Marmalade was interacting with a few snorkelers, then decided to dive down deep in Big Sister, staying down for about 12 minutes.  She then moved over to join a group who were milling around the rocks on the edge and nibbling on foliage which was available because of the high tide.  I didn't see her eat.  Then she settled down again on bottom along with the others.  At one point I did see her hanging out closely with a mom and young calf for about 15 minutes.

  30. 03/10/2018 02:19 PM
    • After going in and out of Idiots Delight 1 and 2, taking stock of a few of the canals, and then coming back in to Three Sisters yesterday after her release, Marmalade and a large group of others bottom-rested in the main spring at Three Sisters today.

Data map is currently not present for Marmalade.